The HDMI 1.4 specification includes the following new features:
The Audio Return Channel in HDMI 1.4 enables a TV, via a single HDMI cable, to send audio data "upstream" to an A/V receiver or surround audio controller, increasing user flexibility and eliminating the need for any separate S/PDIF audio connection.
TVs have always been able to receive multi-channel audio through an HDMI connection, and this is still a typical use-case, with the TV positioned "downstream" from content sources and any connected audio equipment. However, if a user had a TV with a built-in tuner or DVD player, and wanted to send content "upstream" from the TV back to the audio system, a separate connection had to be installed, typically an S/PDIF cable.
- An Audio Return Channel-enabled TV can either send or receive audio via HDMI, upstream or downstream, depending on system set-up and user preferences.
- LipSync functionality, introduced in HDMI 1.3, ensures that the audio stays matched to the video, automatically compensating for any processor delays whether the audio is travelling upstream or downstream.
HDMI Ethernet Channel technology consolidates video, audio and data streams into a single HDMI cable, combining the unmatched signal quality and convenience of HDMI connectivity with the power and flexibility of home entertainment networking. It incorporates a dedicated data channel into the HDMI link, enabling high-speed, bi-directional networking at up to 100 Mb/sec.
The new specification defines several transmission formats for 3D content from source devices with 3D capability, such as 3D Blu-ray players, game consoles or 3D set-top boxes.
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